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Scope and Content Note

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Collection Overview
Name of Creator:Fraser, James W.
Title:James W. Fraser (collector) photograph collection
Date:1905–ca. 1990 (bulk 1974–1976)
Reference Code:M66
Location Code:65/4
Extent:0.6 cubic ft. (2 boxes)
Scope and Content Abstract:The collection comprises 114 black and white photographs dating from 1905 to 1976, bulk dates 1974–1976. The collection documents the people involved in and affected by Judge Garrity's 1974 decision to desegregate Boston public schools by means of forced busing. It also documents events and reactions to those events surrounding public school integration in Hyde Park, Charlestown, and South Boston in the mid–1970s. Most of the photographs depict anti–busing protests and marches, parents demonstrating around Boston, and police. There are images of students in class and outside Hyde Park, Charlestown, and South Boston High Schools. There are also several images of African American students and community leaders protesting school conditions in the 1960s and participating in activities at the Freedom School. There are also four photographs of Boston school buildings, 1905–1954. Most of the photographs are copyrighted by the Boston Globe, the Boston Herald, or the Associated Press (AP) Wire, and many of the photographs were published. A number of photographers took the photographs, including Mike Andersen, Kevin Cole, Ted Dully, Stanley Forman, Frank Hill, Ray Lussier, Roland Oxton, Leo Renahan, and M. Leo Tierney.
Historical Abstract:In June 1974, Judge W. Arthur Garrity, Jr. found the Boston School Committee guilty of willful segregation and called for forced busing of students from Roxbury and other predominantly African–American neighborhoods, to predominantly white schools, including Hyde Park, South Boston, and Charlestown High Schools. Before the ruling, students were assigned to schools based on where they lived. As a result, schools were segregated based on the population of the students in the area. While in many schools the integration process went relatively smoothly, in Hyde Park, Charlestown, and South Boston, Garrity's integration plan resulted in anti–busing rallies and marches, as well as incidences of violence. In October 1974, after African–American students reacted violently to the stabbing of Andre Yvon Jean–Louis, Massachusetts Governor Francis W. Sargent called in the National Guard. School boycotts, anti–busing marches, and violence continued. James W. Fraser was Professor and Dean of the School of Education and Director of the Center for Innovation in Urban Education at Northeastern University. He was a bus monitor and rode the buses the first day of the desegregation of Boston public schools in 1974.
System of Arrangement:Arranged in one chronological sequence.
Subjects and Contributors:
  • Andersen, Mike
  • Brett, WM
  • Cole, Kevin
  • Connell, Paul
  • Drake, Phil
  • Dully, Ted
  • Forman, Stanley
  • Hill, Frank
  • Landers, Thomas E.
  • Lussier, Ray
  • Oxton, Roland
  • Preston, Donald
  • Preston, Phil
  • Renahan, Leo
  • Rizer, George
  • Russo, Louis
  • Tierney, M. Leo
  • Welsche, Ulrike

  • Charlestown High School (Boston, Mass.)
  • Hyde Park High School (Boston, Mass.)
  • South Boston High School (Boston, Mass.)

  • Activists––American––Massachusetts –– Boston
  • African Americans –– Education
  • Boston (Mass.) –– Race relations
  • Busing (School integration) –– Massachusetts –– Boston
  • Busing for school integration –– Law and legislation –– United States
  • Busing for school integration –– Massachusetts –– Boston
  • Demonstrations –– Massachusetts –– Boston
  • Photojournalism –– Massachusetts –– Boston
  • Riots –– Massachusetts –– Boston
  • School children –– Transportation –– Massachusetts –– Boston
  • School integration –– Massachusetts –– Boston
  • Segregation in education –– Massachusetts –– Boston

Conditions Governing Access:Unrestricted
Conditions Governing Reproduction and Use:To publish material from this collection, please see the University Archivist; permission must be obtained from the Boston Globe, the Herald, or the Wide World Photo Library.
Processor: Finding aid prepared by Michael Blech, November 2001, updated by Martha Pearson, February 2014.